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Research Articles

Intensity of neck pain and its association with anthropometric measurements

Authors:

T. C. S. Weerakoon ,

Sabaragamuwa University of Sri Lanka, LK
About T. C. S.
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine
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P. H. Dissanayake,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About P. H.
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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S. Jayakody,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About S.
Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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M. M. Weerasekera,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About M. M.
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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S. G. Yasawardene

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About S. G.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medical Sciences

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Abstract

Objective

This study was conducted to determine the association between intensity of pain (PI) and anthropometric measurements among patients with chronic neck pain.

 

Material and methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted among 321 patients with chronic neck pain aged 20-69 years. PI was measured by a visual analog scale (0 to 100). The following anthropometric measurements were taken; weight (Wt), standing height (StHt), sitting height (SiHt), neck circumference (NC) and absolute neck length (ANL). The body mass index (BMI) and relative neck length (RNL) were calculated. Independent sample t-test was used to compare the mean difference between groups (‘mild or moderate’ and ‘severe or worst’ pain). Pearson correlation was used to determine the correlation between PI and anthropometric measurements and p<0.05 was taken as statistically significant.

 

Results

A significant low positive correlation was obtained between PI and BMI of the patients with the majority being overweight or obese individuals experiencing ‘severe or worst possible pain’ (r=0.14, (p=0.03). Statistically significant low positive correlation between PI and SiHt was observed in females (r=0.16, p=0.03), but not in males (p=0.79). The means of NC, ANL and RNL were not significantly different between patients with ‘mild or moderate’ and ‘severe or worst possible’ pain among both male and female. There were no significant gender differences in PI.

 

Conclusion

Overweight and obese were more likely to have high intensity of neck pain. The SiHt of the females was significantly associated with intensity of neck pain.
How to Cite: Weerakoon TCS, Dissanayake PH, Jayakody S, Weerasekera MM, Yasawardene SG. Intensity of neck pain and its association with anthropometric measurements. Sri Lanka Anatomy Journal. 2021;5(1):19–28. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/slaj.v5i1.130
Published on 03 Oct 2021.
Peer Reviewed

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